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Safety of combined salivary gland and multilevel intramuscular onabotulinumtoxinA injections with and without ethanol in pediatric patients with cerebral palsy: A retrospective study.
To evaluate the safety of combining salivary gland onabotulinumtoxinA (BTX-A) injections for sialorrhea with intramuscular BTX-A injections for spasticity in the same procedure.
A retrospective cohort study in a tertiary hospital center. Patients selected were younger than 20 years, diagnosed with cerebral palsy, and received their first salivary gland BTX-A injection between March 2011 and July 2015. Chart reviews and telephone interviews were performed. The primary outcome measure was the rate of adverse events after combined BTX-A injections into salivary glands and muscles. The secondary outcome measure was the efficacy of injections, as reported by patients.
Twenty-five of the 52 selected patients received salivary gland BTX-A injections only, and 27 received concurrent salivary gland and multi-level intramuscular chemodenervation with BTX-A injections. The rate of adverse events was < 10% in both groups: 4% in "salivary only" group and 7% in the group with salivary + multi-level intramuscular chemodenervation with BTX-A (with or without alcohol). Both approaches were equally effective in meeting their goals of salivary injections (> 50% improvement for at least two months). In the "salivary only" and in the "salivary + multi-level intramuscular" group, 76 and 85% of the patients reached their goals respectively.
Combining BTX-A injections for sialorrhea with multilevel intramuscular BTX-A injections (with or without alcohol) appears to be safe and effective and allows treatment of patients for both conditions simultaneously.