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Retrograde Trans-Synaptic Degeneration in the Visual System Following Cortical Injury

EVENT: 
Weekly Seminar
Who Should Attend: 
Researchers

Speakers

Guest Speaker
Dr. Marc Dinkin's Photo
Helen and Robert Appel Clinical Scholar, Associate Professor of Ophthalmology in Neurology & Ophthalmology, Director of Neuro-Ophthalmology

Abstract 

Dr. Dinkin’s current research interests include studying the safety and efficacy of venous stenting of medically-refractory patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) and venous sinus stenosis. He is also studying the phenomenon of retrograde trans-synaptic degeneration of the human visual system using optical coherence tomography.

Together with Dr. Patsalides in the Neurosurgery Department at Weill Cornell, Dr. Dinkin has run studied over 50 patients undergoing venous stenting for IIH. The effect on intracranial pressure in 50 patients who underwent pre and post stent lumbar puncture, were significant in almost all patients – this data was published in 2019. Significant recovery of papilledema and visual function was demonstrated in the first patients studied in 2017 and earned the J Lawton Smith award for best research article in the Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology that year. Similar results for 28 patients are in preparation.

Dr. Dinkin’s work on retrograde trans-synaptic degeneration (RTSD) in the human visual system began when he began to notice homonymous thinning of the retinal ganglion cell layer (GCL) as measured by optical coherence tomography (OCT), in patients with homonymous vision loss due to cortical injury. Such corresponding retinal atrophy, in the absence of pre-geniculate injury would have to reflect a trans-synaptic degeneration, which for years, was felt not to occur in the human visual system. A study was then conducted looking at 22 patients with homonymous vision loss from post-geniculate cortical injury, in which 15 demonstrated RTSD, and in which the degree of asymmetry of the GCL was associated with time since injury. Dr. Dinkin is now looking at the time course of RTSD in patients with multiple OCTs following cortical injury and is examining optic disc cup to disc ratio over time to assess whether there are morphological changes in the disc that accompany RTSD.

Figures

1. From Patsalides A, Oliveira C, Wilcox J, Brown K, Grover K, Gobin YP, Dinkin MJ. Venous sinus stenting lowers the intracranial pressure in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension. J Neurointerv Surg. 2019 Feb;11(2):175-178.

Dr. Dinkin's Figure Photo 1

2. From recent work on retrograde trans-synaptic degeneration.

Dr. Dinkin's Figure Photo 2

Dr. Dinkin's Figure Photo 3

Publications

Dinkin M, Patsalides A, Ertel M.
Diagnosis and Management of Cerebral Venous Diseases in Neuro-Ophthalmology: Ongoing Controversies.
Asia Pac J Ophthalmol (Phila). 2019 Jan-Feb;8(1):73-85. doi: 10.22608/APO.2018239. Epub 2019 Jan 23.
Patsalides A, Oliveira C, Wilcox J, Brown K, Grover K, Gobin YP, Dinkin MJ.
Venous sinus stenting lowers the intracranial pressure in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension.
J Neurointerv Surg. 2019 Feb;11(2):175-178. doi: 10.1136/neurintsurg-2018-014032. Epub 2018 Jun 5.
Tandon A, Dinkin M.
Transient Visual Loss.
Int Ophthalmol Clin. 2019 Summer;59(3):83-98. doi: 10.1097/IIO.0000000000000275.
Dinkin M.
Trans-synaptic Retrograde Degeneration in the Human Visual System: Slow, Silent, and Real.
Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2017 Feb;17(2):16. doi: 10.1007/s11910-017-0725-2.

When

Tuesday, July 16, 2019 - 12:30pm

Where

785 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
United States
Conference Room: 
Billings Building – Rosedale

More Information

Lindsey Echevarria