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From Kinematic to Energetic Control of Wearable Robots for Agile Human Locomotion

EVENT: 
Weekly Seminar
Who Should Attend: 
Researchers

Speakers

Guest Speaker
Robert D. Gregg IV, Ph.D.
Eugene McDermott Professor
Departments of Bioengineering and Mechanical Engineering
University of Texas at Dallas
Director, Locomotor Control Systems Laboratory
Departments of Bioengineering and Mechanical Engineering
University of Texas at Dallas

Abstract:

Even with the help of modern prosthetic and orthotic (P&O) devices, lower-limb amputees and stroke survivors often struggle to walk in the home and community. Emerging powered P&O devices could actively assist patients to enable greater mobility, but these devices are currently designed to produce a small set of pre-defined motions. Finite state machines are typically used to switch controllers between discrete phases of the gait cycle, e.g., heel contact vs. toe contact, and between different tasks, e.g., uphill vs. downhill. However, this discrete methodology cannot continuously synchronize the robot’s motion to the timing or activity of the human user. This talk will first present a continuous parameterization of human joint kinematics based on 1) a phase variable that robustly represents the timing of the human gait cycle, and 2) task variables representing ground slope and walking speed. This parameterization is employed for user-synchronized control of a powered knee-ankle prosthesis, which enables above-knee amputee subjects to walk at variable speeds/inclines and perform volitional activities like kicking a ball. While this approach controls kinematics in the absence of human joint motion, a kinematic-free approach is desirable for exoskeletons that assist or enhance existing joint motion. The second part of this talk will introduce an energetic control paradigm for exoskeletons to alter the human body’s dynamics without prescribing joint kinematics, e.g., reducing the perceived weight and inertia of the limbs. This control approach is implemented on exoskeletons with high-torque, low-impedance actuators, which provide the necessary backdrivability for volitional human control.

Robert D. Gregg IV, Ph.D. Figure

Publications

Lv G, Zhu H, Gregg R
On the Design and Control of Highly Backdrivable Lower-limb Exoskeletons
IEEE Control Systems Magazine, 2018, in press
Quintero D, Villarreal DJ, Lambert DJ, Kapp S, Gregg RD.
Continuous-Phase Control of a Powered Knee-Ankle Prosthesis: Amputee Experiments Across Speeds and Inclines.
IEEE Trans Robot. 2018 Jun;34(3):686-701. doi: 10.1109/TRO.2018.2794536. Epub 2018 Feb 27.
Villarreal DJ, Poonawala HA, Gregg RD.
A Robust Parameterization of Human Gait Patterns Across Phase-Shifting Perturbations.
IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2017 Mar;25(3):265-278. doi: 10.1109/TNSRE.2016.2569019. Epub 2016 May 13.

When

Tuesday, October 2, 2018 - 12:30pm

Where

785 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
United States
Conference Room: 
Billings Building – Rosedale

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