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tDCS does not enhance the effects of robot-assisted gait training in patient with subacute stroke.

PUBLICATION: 
Journal Article
Authors: 
Leon D, Cortes M, Elder J, Kumru H, Laxe S, Edwards DJ, Tormos JM, Bernabeu M, Pascual-Leone A.
Year Published: 
2017
Publisher: 
Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2017 Jul 6. doi: 10.3233/RNN-170734. [Epub ahead of print]
Identifiers: 
PMID: 28697574
Abstract on PubMed

Abstract

Background

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation technique, which can modulate cortical excitability and combined with rehabilitation therapies may improve motor recovery after stroke.

Objective

Our aim was to study the feasibility of a 4-week robotic gait training protocol combined with tDCS, and to study tDCS to the leg versus hand motor cortex or sham to improve walking ability in patients after a subacute stroke.

Methods 

Forty-nine subacute stroke patients underwent 20 daily sessions (5 days a week for 4 weeks) of robotic gait training combined with tDCS. Patients were assigned either to the tDCSleg group (n = 9), receiving 2 mA anodal tDCS over the motor cortex leg representation (vertex), or an active control group (n = 17) receiving anodal tDCS over the hand motor cortex area (tDCShand). In addition, we studied 23 matched patients in a control group receiving gait training without tDCS (notDCS). Study outcomes included gait speed (10-meter walking test), and quality of gait, using the Functional Ambulatory Category (FAC) before and after the 4-week training period.

Results 

Only one patient did not complete the treatment because he presented a minor side-effect. Patients in all three groups showed a significantly improvement in gait speed and FAC. The tDCSleg group did not perform better than the tDCShand or notDCS group.

Conclusion 

Combined tDCS and robotic training is a safe and feasible procedure in subacute stroke patients. However, adding tDCS to robot-assisted gait training shows no benefit over robotic gait training alone.